Precepts to use in everyday life

1. Think for yourself, 2. Be yourself, 3. Speak up, 4. Feel free to agree and disagree, 5. Be honest with yourself and others, 6. Be open-minded, 7. Avoid being judgmental and 8. Question everything - even your own thinking.

TOK Essay Titles Nov 2019

Monday, January 3, 2011

Notes on Structure and Layout

Using sources in Essays and Presentations

We came across the following passage when re-reading that classic work of investigative journalism, All the President's Men.  It struck us that we could all learn lessons from the anecdote, not only about how to use sources in TOK essays (and how not to), but also about the nature of evidence.  Read the paragraph and decide what lessons you learn.

Here are two important Knowledge Issues that emerge from the passage: to what extent is common sense important in establishing the truth of knowledge claims or the reliability of evidence?  What are the limitations of common sense?

The instructor had assigned the students to read some medieval documents that gave somewhat conflicting accounts of Henry IV’s famous visit to Canossa in 1077 to seek Pope Gregory’s forgiveness.  According to all of them, the King had waited barefoot in the snow outside the Vatican for four days. Woodward had pored over the documents, made notes and based his paper on the facts on which most of the accounts agreed.  All the witnesses had Henry IV out there in the snow for days with his feet bare.  The instructor had failed Woodward['s paper] because he had not used common sense. No human being could stand for days barefoot in the snow and not have his feet froze off, the instructor said.  “The divine right of kings did not extend to overturning the laws of nature and common sense.” (p. 221)

WOODWARD, B. & BERNSTEIN, C., All the President’s Men, London, Quartet Books, 1974, 349 p.



Please, Teacher.

I`m speak spanish.

Deseo saber si podría usar su material yo trabajo en un colegio IB-Perú,


TOK Team said...

Hola amigo!

No hay problema!

Por favor, utilizar el material aquí para sus necesidades.

Saludos desde Inglaterra.

Chyeaa said...

Hello! Hello! I'm a actually a junior taking Theory of Knowledge this year (maybe short-sightedly) and am now writng writing a ToK Essay. Alas, I have a request: would you consider doing a quick analysis of Q #9 of the [Nov2011/May2012] Prescribed Titles? It asks, "As an IB student, how has your learning of literature and science contributed to your understanding of individuals and societies?"

I really feel as if HL English and the treatment of science from a ToK perspective have shaped my view of individuals in societies. However, I fear that I may take this question in a cliche direction :(

Chyeaa said...

I would seriously appreciate any guidance and I apologize for any trouble.

Muchos Gracias.